Preserving ~/.jupyter config files between WSL 2 LXD installs
by Mike LevinSaturday, September 17, 2022
I have tons of work to do this weekend on an entirely other front than either my kid or this new… uh… wsl2lxd… work. It still doesn’t roll off the tongue but I want it aligned to what people are going to search on. It’s definitely lxd and wsl. LXD4WSL? That feels maybe more genuine because I’m not converting wsl to lxd. But you are going from wsl to lxd, so it is legit. And you do start out in wsl and go to lxd, so I’ll keep it. The other way around sounds too much like you’re modifying lxd for wsl. Well so long as I stay with this naming approach I’ll have such issues because I want a number between them (and not a hyphen or underscore).
Okay, next? Get one or two tiny things in today before the day gets underway proper. I also have one of those long drives to the Poconos this weekend to pick up and drop off stuff. Ugh! Four plus hours and all the related energy and momentum lost on just that. But I’ll cross that bridge. Use your good morning energy right now wisely.
Okay, realization: Jupyter uses environment variables that have been set in the shell from which it is run. This provides a way to control things about Jupyter without having to feed everything on the command that runs it. I’m shoving a lot on that command right now, especially the hash that keeps the password “foo”. It’s one of the idiosyncrasies about Jupyter on LXD under WSL that’s hard to get around. The server must be “secured” and if you’re not passing tokens (even harder to do in this context) then you’re using a password. Oh foo. Okay… environment variables to change where the config files go so you only ever need set theme to black once. And there’s that “reset kernel and clear all” keyboard shortcut I never want to set again. 1, 2, 3… 1?
Identify the default location Jupyter stores config files. Okay, per this page: https://docs.jupyter.org/en/latest/use/jupyter-directories.html
Config files are stored by default in the ~/.jupyter directory.
Not bad. So first order of business is to allow repos to contain hidden config files. I already do that with the display.sh file for passing WSL host DNS server IP for display port address for VcXsrv X-Windows server. I never thought to make it invisible. Do that… done. Okay in doing so I realize I already have a transfer directory in repos ~/repos/transfer and this is completely appropriate to contain .jupyter. It will be nice to keep all the hidden stuff (for transfer) grouped under repos. Okay… make the install scripts make that location… hmmm, I really love the symmetry of install.bat and install.sh because of how it implies the two halves of the process, what they’re doing and where they take place although it’s annoying in command-line completion.
Okay, making the transfer directory belongs Windows-side in install.bat and that’s done. Wow, this is nice. That’s also going to be the mechanism to move apt_installs.sh and requirements.txt down into LXD. Okay, now simply add:
# Allow all your Jupyter configuration (dark mode) survive reinstalls. export JUPYTER_CONFIG_DIR=~/repos/transfer/.jupyter
…to .bash_config. Wow, this is too easy! My practice on such things while making Levinux is going a long way. Why hasn’t anyone done this before. All those poor people running Jupyter directly under Whinedoze when they don’t have to! If you’re micro soft then you whine doze. This is all too suddenly easy. It’s no wonder Microsoft didn’t include systemd on wsl. Some hurdles had to be put in place before this discovery was made and made popular. I’m in a race. Gotta get this published pronto. 1, 2, 3… 1? Okay, environment variable is activated. Directory exits. This should just work now. Do a full install test. Process?
- Run it once now. Notice it’s JupyterLab Light.
- Change it to JupyterLab Dark.
- Open PowerShell, enter outer Linux, login to inner Linux, view Jupyter Server
- wsl -d Ubuntu-18.04
- lxc jupyterlogin
- Restart server
- Ensure that JupyterLab dark theme is still active by visiting localhost:8888
Okay, all done. That ensures that currently Jupyter configs are working and persistent between server restarts. Now do a reinstall of the whole WSL instance, LXD instance and JupyterLab Server instance (install.bat):
- Open a PowerShell
- cd to repos\wsl2lxd
- Run .\install.bat
Watch the bunny go down the rabbit hole… Wow if this works it’s yet another benefit of running Jupyter this way when you’re on Windows. It provides an easy way for your Jupyter configuration to survive upgrading Jupyter. You can upgrade Jupyter in location with an apt upgrade or you can just reinstall the whole thing which will have no real harm. It’ll wipe out your apt and pip installs but I’m working on that too. After they’re run, they’ll be kept in the transfer directory always accessible during reinstalls. Wow!
Okay, do a refresh on localhost:8888… back to password… hit Enter… back to white! Good, this was an old fashioned ~/.jupyter config store location. No put JupyterLab dark theme back on and run the install script again…
Do a refresh on localhost:888 which for the one person who’s following along here I’m actually doing from an installed Edge app which is much better than in a localhost:8888 tab in a browser. Bingo! JupyterLab dark theme! The config has survived between re-installs. Great success.
Think through next steps regarding apt and pip installs. This very much clears the way. I’ll drop those files directly into ~/repos/transfer. Avoid subdirectory-hell. You’re already two deep.